(This story has been updated from an earlier version.)
California’s booming CBD industry is in disarray after the state Department of Public Health (CDPH) reaffirmed earlier this month that CBD cannot be added to food, even if it comes from hemp.
“It’s a real punch in the stomach,” said Chris Boucher, who is growing 60 acres of hemp in Southern California, most of it destined for CBD extraction.
“It’s the last roller coaster. If you have a multimillion-dollar investment in the ground, as I do, this comes at the worst time.”
The agency’s Food and Drug Branch (FBD), which regulates human and pet foods, including foods sold in restaurants and at retail locations, made the announcement July 6, stating:
- CBD cannot be added to “food, drink, confection, condiment or chewing gum by man or other animal.”
- The source of the CBD, whether from marijuana or industrial hemp, does not matter.
- CBD would have to come from people with “commercial cannabis licenses,” something many hemp-derived CBD processors and manufacturers in California do not have.
- Marijuana retailers must use marijuana-derived CBD in their products. Hemp-derived CBD is specifically banned in manufactured cannabis products, according to Dana Cisneros, an attorney with Cannabis Corporate Law Firm in Anaheim Hills.
“While I disagree with the state of California’s position and approach to hemp-derived CBD – given that it is the same molecule – the law is clear and the FAQ released by the CDPH-FDB confirms the hemp-derived CBD cannot be lawfully added to a food, food product or dietary supplement,” Cisneros said.
“This is devastating for small businesses in California that rely on hemp-derived CBD. This is devastating for patients that cannot afford to purchase cannabis-derived CDB products sold in BCC licensed retail establishments.
“And it is nonsensical,” she said.
The state health department said it’s following guidance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
“Until the FDA rules that industrial hemp-derived CBD oil and CBD products can be used as a food or California makes a determination that they are safe to use for human and animal consumption, CBD products are not an approved food, food ingredient, food additive or dietary supplement,” the California agency noted.
CBD manufacturers in California say they’re reeling from the announcement, released as an FAQ on the California Department of Public Health’s website.
“It’s not fair,” said Dave Hargett, owner of Innovative Nutraceuticals, which has made CBD-infused lozenges and tinctures since 2013 in Lake Elsinore.
“They’re trying to regulate it like a marijuana product, but it’s not.”
The health department did not immediately answer questions from Hemp Industry Daily about how the rule would be enforced.
But CBD producers in California are scrambling to find other options for selling their food and drinks containing CBD.
“We’re going to have to grow and diversify much faster out of California,” said Jonathan Eppers, owner of Vybes, a San Diego company that makes CBD juice drinks sold in roughly 500 California retail locations, including gyms.
“The Department of Health has said that the drink I’m making and selling and that tens of thousands of people are relying on for their health, that they are not going to be able to drink it anymore.”
The situation also has compounded existing confusion on the marijuana side of the industry for retailers licensed through the Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC), which prohibits its licensees from selling hemp-based CBD products.
“The Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act (MAUCRSA) applies to cannabis and explicitly excludes industrial hemp from the definition of cannabis,” said Alex Traverso, spokesman for the BCC, in an email.
“Retailers licensed by the Bureau are licensed to sell cannabis goods and may not sale industrial hemp products on the same licensed premises where cannabis goods are sold.”
While that’s the current status, a “conversation about these CBD products” needs to be had, BCC chief Lori Ajax told a crowd of marijuana business executives during a Mendocino County retreat in June.
“We need to figure out a way to get that regulated through the normal supply chain,” Ajax said.
Many licensees either don’t understand the prohibition or aren’t aware of it, said Debby Goldsberry, executive director at Magnolia Wellness in Oakland, a licensed microbusiness that previously carried hemp-based CBD bath balms and pet products.
“The clarity, coming back from BCC in the last couple months, has been very confusing and hard to interpret,” she said. “So all of us became confused by suppliers swearing up and down that the Bureau had cleared their hemp-based CBD products (for sale).”
“Then we’re confused, because of course we can see CBD products on the shelves everywhere: Pet Food Express, Target, you name it, CBD is everywhere. So it makes absolutely no sense why those products couldn’t come into a cannabis-oriented retail store.”
Goldsberry pulled all her hemp product inventory in order to be as compliant with state rules as possible.
But not every licensee is following suit.
“A lot of people are still keeping the bath balms on their shelves, because of the confusion,” Goldsberry said. “We can’t tell if they should be there or not.”
Lawyers urge caution
Patrick Goggin, a San Francisco attorney who represents hemp producers, says it’s not time to panic yet.
His firm, the Hoban Law Group, believes California’s CBD rule contradicts the definition of hemp elsewhere in state law.
An FAQ on the California Industrial Hemp Program website specifies that hemp is legal, including “every … preparation of the plant.”
“Everybody ought to take a breath,” said Goggin, who pointed out similar pronouncements in Indiana, Wisconsin and Texas – CBD limitations that have all been either reversed or put on hold.
“These products are established in the state of California, and they’re lawful,” Goggin said. “Enforcement action would invite litigation.”
Boucher, the hemp farmer with 60 acres growing, said the health department makes no mention of extracting CBD from hemp, meaning he could sell the isolate or extract to out-of-state food processors.
“We’ll be able to sell it, but we still need (the health agency) to retract that right away. Otherwise you have 39 (million)-40 million people out here who are cut off from what they need.”
Kristen Nichols can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
John Schroyer, who covers the California cannabis industry for Marijuana Business Daily, can be reached at email@example.com.