Far from the flashy marijuana dispensaries in Las Vegas, hemp farms in rural northern and southern Nevada can’t keep up with booming demand for flower for CBD production.
The result is a blazing-hot wholesale market for hemp flower, with growers reporting prices of up to $350 a pound for quality, high-CBD varieties.
That’s almost 10 times what midgrade hemp flower is selling for in Colorado, and it’s prompting a super-heated hemp market.
Nevada growers are taking the gamble, adding acreage and processing equipment and hoping their luck doesn’t run out before hemp growers in states with better water supply and milder temperatures overtake them.
“There’s huge demand, and we can’t keep up,” said Michael Whalen, who is growing 142 acres of hemp near Death Valley, where he gets less than 2 inches of rain a year but has a thriving operation thanks to a hemp cultivar native to arid Afghanistan.
“You can’t import finished flower into Nevada, so even though we’re right by California, the demand is just insane,” said Whalen, who is president of the Nevada Hemp Association.
But Nevada growers know every lucky streak comes to an end.
They’re bracing for new entrants moving in from California, and they’re looking for new hemp uses in animal feed and industrial markets.
Here’s what you need to know about the Nevada hemp market.
Nevada has allowed hemp production only since 2016, so the industry is still in its infancy.
Russell Wilhelm, industrial hemp program manager for the Nevada Department of Agriculture, says the state is working on issuing processing licenses and adding testing requirements patterned after states with more established hemp programs.
“We’re kind of in the developmental process to get hemp products into dispensaries,” Wilhelm said. “We’re going to start licensing processing facilities very, very soon.”
The Wild West vibe of Nevada’s hemp market has scared off some traditional farmers, Wilhelm said, citing difficulties finding seeds that perform well in the desert state.
“It takes some innovation to do well with hemp here,” Wilhelm said.
As of 2017, Nevada had:
- 23 licensed hemp growers
- 17,170 square feet of indoor hemp cultivation
- 490 outdoor acres licensed for cultivation
- 0 licensed processors, because Nevada doesn’t yet require hemp processing licenses
Nevada allows hemp production for:
- Seed or seed oil
Nevada regulators appear to have a hands-off hemp approach, probably because they’re more focused on Nevada’s nascent recreational marijuana industry.
Whalen says Nevada’s light touch has created a small but profitable hemp industry.
“Some states have a ton of hemp regulations,” he added. “Here, they just tell us, ‘Hey, go make some money.’”
Nevada hemp growers surveyed by Marijuana Business Daily report that the market is fetching:
- $200 or more per pound for flower, depending on CBD content and quality
- About $10 per pound of food-grade seed, or $45 per gallon for seed oil
- About $200 per ton of baled fiber
As in other hemp states, flower varieties are by far the most profitable and therefore dominate hemp production.
“The infrastructure for fiber in the U.S., it’s just not there yet. The reasonable growth is in flower,” said Adrienne Snow, business development manager for Western States Hemp, which produces hemp flower in Fallon, east of Reno.
“A couple years ago, nobody knew what CBD was,” Snow added. “Now they can’t get enough of it.
“We’ve had people call and say, ‘How much can you make me this year?’”
Western States Hemp plans to increase its hemp crop from 20 acres last year to 30 to 40 acres in 2018 – maybe more, because Snow and her business partner are fielding calls from marijuana entrepreneurs asking them to grow hemp flower under contract.
“A lot of marijuana growers are migrating over to hemp because they see opportunity,” said Joe Frey, owner of Western States Hemp.
“They see hemp as a place to put their money and invest and not deal with many of the problems they have in marijuana.”
The Nevada hemp industry is braced for an influx of competition and is already looking for new markets and opportunities.
“I almost don’t want people to know about Nevada because it’s so great,” laughed Michael Ogburn, CEO of Corix Bioscience.
Ogburn’s company is based in Irvine, California but grows hemp and extracts its CBD on about 150 acres near Carson City, Nevada.
Corix hopes to plant 1,500 Nevada acres in hemp in 2018. That would make Corix one of the nation’s largest hemp growers.
“In Nevada,” Ogburn said, “land is cheap, the growing season is longer, we get more sun per day, and it’s too dry for mold.”
He predicts Nevada’s hemp industry won’t stay small for long, and Nevada growers are preparing by experimenting with new products and looking for other markets.
Corix, for example, sells its CBD products to European businesses, not Nevada dispensaries that will likely see the kind of price competition currently pinching cannabis growers in more mature recreational marijuana markets.
Western States Hemp is experimenting with hemp use in animal feed, collaborating with the University of Nevada, Reno on trials to see if hemp feed increases meat production.
Western States is also baling hemp fiber, an easy move in a climate so dry that rot isn’t a worry.
“We know that over time, the CBD market and the seed market will come down,” Frey said.
Other hemp growers are experimenting with mixing hemp fiber with bentonite, a clay mineral abundant in Nevada and commonly used in pet litter and cosmetics.
Whalen said growers want to see if bentonite can be blended with hemp fiber for a durable construction material.
Nevada’s curious hemp growers are key to keeping the state’s industry profitable after the inevitable flood of competitors, Whalen said.
“Nevada seems small,” he added, “but we’re doing big things.”
Kristen Nichols can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org